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    涓浗浼犲獟澶у鐨勫墠韬腑澶箍鎾簨涓氬眬鎶€鏈汉鍛樿缁冪彮濮嬪缓浜?/span>1954骞淬€?958骞存洿鍚嶄负鍖椾含骞挎挱涓撶瀛︽牎銆?959骞寸粡鍥藉姟闄㈡壒鍑嗭紝鏇村悕涓哄寳浜箍鎾闄€?000骞寸敱鍥藉骞挎挱鐢靛奖鐢佃鎬诲眬鍒掕浆鏁欒偛閮ㄧ鐞嗐€?001骞磋纭畾涓哄浗瀹垛€?11宸ョ▼鈥濋噸鐐瑰缓璁鹃珮鏍°€?002骞翠腑鍥界熆涓氬ぇ瀛﹀寳浜牎鍖轰笢鏍″洯锛堝師鍖椾含鐓ょ偔绠$悊骞查儴瀛﹂櫌锛夋暣浣撳苟鍏ュ寳浜箍鎾闄€?004骞存洿鍚嶄负涓浗浼犲獟澶у銆?/p>

    浣滀负涓€鎵€琛屼笟鐗硅壊鍨嬪ぇ瀛︼紝瀛︽牎鑷村姏浜庡煿鍏讳俊鎭紶鎾鍩熼珮灞傛浜烘墠锛屼负鍏氬拰鍥藉鐨勪紶濯掍簨涓氫互鍙婄粡娴庣ぞ浼氬彂灞曚綔璐$尞銆?/span>

    闈㈠悜鏈潵锛屽鏍″潥鎸佷互鍐呮兜鍙戝睍涓轰富绾匡紝浠ユ敼闈╁垱鏂颁负鍔ㄥ姏锛屼互鎻愬崌璐ㄩ噺涓烘牳蹇冿紝璧版湁鐗硅壊銆侀珮姘村钩鐨勫ぇ瀛﹀彂灞曚箣璺€?/span>

绗竴绔?/span>  鎬?/span>鍒?/span>

    绗竴鏉?/span>  涓轰繚闅滃鏍′緷娉曞姙瀛﹀拰鑷富绠$悊锛屾牴鎹€婁腑鍗庝汉姘戝叡鍜屽浗鏁欒偛娉曘€嬪拰銆婁腑鍗庝汉姘戝叡鍜屽浗楂樼瓑鏁欒偛娉曘€嬬瓑娉曞緥銆佹硶瑙勫拰瑙勭珷锛屽埗瀹氭湰绔犵▼銆?/span>

    绗簩鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鍚嶇О涓轰腑鍥戒紶濯掑ぇ瀛︼紝鑻辨枃鍚嶇О涓?/span>Communication University of China锛岃嫳鏂囩缉鍐欎负CUC銆?/p>

    绗笁鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎娉ㄥ唽鍦板潃涓哄寳浜競鏈濋槼鍖哄畾绂忓簞涓滆1鍙枫€?/p>

    瀛︽牎缃戝潃涓?/span>http://www.cuc.edu.cn銆?/p>

    绗洓鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鐢卞浗瀹朵妇鍔烇紝琛屾斂涓荤閮ㄩ棬鏄浗鍔¢櫌鏁欒偛琛屾斂閮ㄩ棬銆傚鏍$殑鍒嗙珛銆佸悎骞朵笌缁堟锛岀敱涓惧姙鑰呭喅瀹氥€?/span>

    绗簲鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鏄潪钀ュ埄鎬т簨涓氱粍缁囷紝鍏锋湁鐙珛娉曚汉璧勬牸锛岀嫭绔嬫壙鎷呮硶寰嬭矗浠汇€傛牎闀挎槸瀛︽牎鐨勬硶瀹氫唬琛ㄤ汉銆?/span>

    绗叚鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎涓惧姙鑰呭拰涓荤閮ㄩ棬鏀寔瀛︽牎鎸夌収娉曞緥銆佹硶瑙勫拰绔犵▼鑷富鍔炲锛涗负瀛︽牎鎻愪緵缁忚垂鍜岃祫婧愭敮鎸侊紝淇濋殰瀛︽牎鍔炲鏉′欢锛涙寜鐓ф湁鍏宠瀹氫换鍏嶅鏍′富瑕佽礋璐d汉锛涜繍鐢ㄧ珛娉曘€佽鍒掋€佹嫧娆剧瓑鎵嬫瀵瑰鏍″姙瀛﹁繘琛岀鐞嗗拰鐩戠潱锛屽瀛︽牎鐨勫姙瀛﹁川閲忓拰姘村钩杩涜璇勪环銆?/span>

    绗竷鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鍦ㄦ嫑鐢熴€佷汉浜嬨€佸绉戝拰涓撲笟璁剧疆銆佹暀瀛︽椿鍔ㄣ€佺瀛︾爺绌躲€佺ぞ浼氭湇鍔°€佹満鏋勮缃互鍙婂澶栦氦娴佷笌鍚堜綔绛夋柟闈緷娉曚韩鏈夎嚜涓绘潈銆?/span>

    绗叓鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鍧氭寔绀句細涓讳箟鍔炲鏂瑰悜锛岃疮褰诲厷鍜屽浗瀹舵暀鑲叉柟閽堬紝闈㈠悜绀句細锛屼緷娉曡嚜涓诲姙瀛︼紝瀹炶姘戜富绠$悊锛岃嚜瑙夊饱琛岀ぞ浼氳矗浠汇€?/span>

绗簩绔?/span>  瀹氫綅涓庝娇鍛?/span>

    绗節鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎妞嶆牴浼犲獟銆佹湇鍔$ぞ浼氥€侀潰鍚戜笘鐣屻€佸紑鏀惧姙瀛︼紝寤鸿涓栫晫鐭ュ悕楂樻按骞充紶濯掑ぇ瀛︺€?/span>

    绗崄鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鍧氭寔鍐呮兜鍙戝睍銆佺壒鑹插姙瀛︼紝鍧氭寔鈥滀竴蹇冩眰璐ㄩ噺锛屼竴鑷磋皨鍙戝睍锛屼竴鍒囦负瀛︾敓鈥濈殑鍔炲鐞嗗康銆?/p>

    绗崄涓€鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎浠ョ珛寰锋爲浜轰负鏍规湰浠诲姟锛屽己鍖栦紶濯掍汉鐨勬斂娌荤礌璐ㄥ拰鑱屼笟閬撳痉锛屽煿鍏诲叿鏈夊己鐑堢ぞ浼氳矗浠绘劅鍜屽浗闄呰閲庯紝鍩虹鎵庡疄锛屽疄璺佃兘鍔涘拰鍒涙柊鑳藉姏寮虹殑浼犲獟棰嗗煙绮捐嫳浜烘墠銆?/span>

    绗崄浜屾潯  瀛︽牎涓昏寮€灞曞叏鏃ュ埗鏈鐢熷拰鐮旂┒鐢熸暀鑲诧紝鍚屾椂鏍规嵁绀句細闇€姹傦紝寮€灞曠户缁暀鑲茬瓑鍏朵粬绫诲瀷鐨勬暀鑲诧紝鍒╃敤缃戠粶鏁欒偛绛夌幇浠h繙绋嬫暀鑲叉柟寮忎负绀句細鎻愪緵鏁欒偛鏈嶅姟銆?/span>

    绗崄涓夋潯  瀛︽牎璺佃鈥滄牎鍥ぇ璇惧爞銆佷紶濯掑ぇ鑸炲彴鈥濈殑鑲蹭汉鐞嗗康鍜屾ā寮忥紝浣跨悊璁烘暀瀛︺€佷笓涓氬疄璺靛拰鏍″洯鏂囧寲娲诲姩涓夎€呮湁鏈虹粨鍚堬紝瀹炵幇鍏ㄥ憳銆佸叏鏂逛綅銆佸叏杩囩▼鍜屽叏绌洪棿鑲蹭汉銆?/p>

    绗崄鍥涙潯  瀛︽牎浠ユ湇鍔″浗瀹舵垬鐣ヤ负瀵煎悜锛屾墦閫犱腑鍥界壒鑹叉枃鍖栦笌浼犲獟鏂板瀷鏅哄簱锛屼负鍥藉鍜屽湴鏂圭粡娴庣ぞ浼氬彂灞曟彁渚涙櫤鍔涙敮鎸併€?/span>

    绗崄浜旀潯  瀛︽牎缁ф壙鍜屽彂鎵腑鍗庢皯鏃忎紭绉€浼犵粺鏂囧寲锛?/span>鍚告敹鍜屽€熼壌浜虹被浼樼鏂囨槑鎴愭灉锛屽姫鍔涙帹杩涙枃鍖栦紶鎵垮垱鏂帮紝绻佽崳鍙戝睍绀句細涓讳箟鏂囧寲銆?/span>

    绗崄鍏潯  瀛︽牎澶у姏寮€灞曢珮灞傛銆佸棰嗗煙鐨勫浗闄呬氦娴佷笌鍚堜綔锛屾帹鍔ㄤ紶濯掗珮绛夋暀鑲插浗闄呭寲锛屾寔缁彁鍗囧浗闄呭寲鍔炲姘村钩銆?/span>

    绗崄涓冩潯  瀛︽牎鍧氭寔鈥滃熀纭€瀛︾鍏ヤ富娴併€佷紭鍔垮绉戝垱涓€娴佲€濈殑瀛︾寤鸿鎬濊矾锛屽姞寮哄熀纭€瀛︾寤鸿锛屽珐鍥轰紭鍔垮绉戝湴浣嶏紝寮哄寲淇℃伅浼犳挱棰嗗煙鈥滃皬缁煎悎鈥濈殑瀛︾鐗硅壊锛屾瀯寤轰互鏂伴椈浼犳挱瀛︺€佹垙鍓т笌褰辫瀛︺€佷俊鎭笌閫氫俊宸ョ▼涓洪噸鐐癸紝澶氬绉戝崗璋冨彂灞曠殑瀛︾浣撶郴銆?/p>

绗笁绔?/span>  娌荤悊缁撴瀯

    绗崄鍏潯  瀛︽牎瀹炶涓浗鍏变骇鍏氫腑鍥戒紶濯掑ぇ瀛﹀鍛樹細锛堢畝绉板鏍″厷濮旓級棰嗗涓嬬殑鏍¢暱璐熻矗鍒躲€?/span>

    绗崄涔濇潯  瀛︽牎鍏氬鏄鏍$殑棰嗗鏍稿績锛屼緷鎹硶寰嬪拰鍏氬唴娉曡灞ヨ鍚勯」鑱岃矗锛屾妸鎻″鏍″彂灞曟柟鍚戯紝鍐冲畾瀛︽牎閲嶅ぇ闂锛岀洃鐫i噸澶у喅璁墽琛岋紝鏀寔鏍¢暱渚濇硶鐙珛璐熻矗鍦拌浣胯亴鏉冿紝淇濊瘉浠ヤ汉鎵嶅煿鍏讳负涓績鐨勫悇椤逛换鍔″畬鎴愩€傚鏍″厷濮旂殑涓昏鑱岃矗鏄細

    锛堜竴锛夊叏闈㈣疮褰绘墽琛屽厷鐨勮矾绾挎柟閽堟斂绛栵紝璐交鎵ц鍏氱殑鏁欒偛鏂归拡锛屽潥鎸佺ぞ浼氫富涔夊姙瀛︽柟鍚戯紝鍧氭寔绔嬪痉鏍戜汉锛屼緷娉曟不鏍★紝渚濋潬鍏ㄦ牎甯堢敓鍛樺伐鎺ㄥ姩瀛︽牎绉戝鍙戝睍锛屽煿鍏诲痉鏅轰綋缇庡叏闈㈠彂灞曠殑涓浗鐗硅壊绀句細涓讳箟浜嬩笟鍚堟牸寤鸿鑰呭拰鍙潬鎺ョ彮浜恒€?/span>

    锛堜簩锛夎璁哄喅瀹氫簨鍏冲鏍℃敼闈╁彂灞曠ǔ瀹氬強鏁欏銆佺鐮斻€佽鏀跨鐞嗕腑鐨勯噸澶т簨椤瑰拰鍩烘湰绠$悊鍒跺害銆?/span>

    锛堜笁锛夊潥鎸佸厷绠″共閮ㄥ師鍒欙紝鎸夌収骞查儴绠$悊鏉冮檺璐熻矗骞查儴鐨勯€夋嫈銆佹暀鑲层€佸煿鍏汇€佽€冩牳鍜岀洃鐫o紝璁ㄨ鍐冲畾瀛︽牎鍐呴儴缁勭粐鏈烘瀯鐨勮缃強鍏惰礋璐d汉鐨勪汉閫夛紝渚濈収鏈夊叧绋嬪簭鎺ㄨ崘鏍$骇棰嗗骞查儴鍜屽悗澶囧共閮ㄤ汉閫夛紱鍋氬ソ鑰佸共閮ㄥ伐浣溿€?/span>

    锛堝洓锛夊潥鎸佸厷绠′汉鎵嶅師鍒欙紝璁ㄨ鍐冲畾瀛︽牎浜烘墠宸ヤ綔瑙勫垝鍜岄噸澶т汉鎵嶆斂绛栵紝鍒涙柊浜烘墠宸ヤ綔浣撳埗鏈哄埗锛屼紭鍖栦汉鎵嶆垚闀跨幆澧冿紝缁熺鎺ㄨ繘瀛︽牎鍚勭被浜烘墠闃熶紞寤鸿銆?/span>

    锛堜簲锛夐瀵煎鏍℃€濇兂鏀挎不宸ヤ綔鍜屽痉鑲插伐浣滐紝鍧氭寔鐢ㄤ腑鍥界壒鑹茬ぞ浼氫富涔夌悊璁轰綋绯绘瑁呭笀鐢熷憳宸ュご鑴戯紝鍩硅偛鍜岃返琛岀ぞ浼氫富涔夋牳蹇冧环鍊艰锛岀墷鐗㈡帉鎻″鏍℃剰璇嗗舰鎬佸伐浣滅殑棰嗗鏉冦€佺鐞嗘潈銆佽瘽璇潈锛涚淮鎶ゅ鏍″畨鍏ㄧǔ瀹氾紝淇冭繘鍜岃皭鏍″洯寤鸿銆?/span>

    锛堝叚锛夊姞寮哄ぇ瀛︽枃鍖栧缓璁撅紝鍙戞尌鏂囧寲鑲蹭汉浣滅敤锛屽煿鑲茶壇濂芥牎椋庡椋庢暀椋庛€?/span>

    锛堜竷锛夊姞寮哄瀛︽牎鍩哄眰鍏氱粍缁囩殑棰嗗锛屽仛濂藉彂灞曞厷鍛樺拰鍏氬憳鏁欒偛銆佺鐞嗐€佹湇鍔″伐浣滐紝鍙戝睍鍏氬唴鍩哄眰姘戜富锛屽厖鍒嗗彂鎸ュ熀灞傚厷缁勭粐鐨勬垬鏂楀牎鍨掍綔鐢ㄥ拰鍏氬憳鐨勫厛閿嬫ā鑼冧綔鐢紱鍔犲己瀛︽牎鍏氬鑷韩寤鸿銆?/span>

    锛堝叓锛夐瀵煎鏍″厷鐨勭邯寰嬫鏌ュ伐浣滐紝钀藉疄鍏氶寤夋斂寤鸿涓讳綋璐d换锛屾帹杩涙儵娌诲拰棰勯槻鑵愯触浣撶郴寤鸿銆?/span>

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    锛堝崄锛夎璁哄喅瀹氬叾浠栦簨鍏冲笀鐢熷憳宸ュ垏韬埄鐩婄殑閲嶈浜嬮」銆?/span>

    瀛︽牎鍏氬瀹炶闆嗕綋棰嗗涓庝釜浜哄垎宸ヨ礋璐g浉缁撳悎锛屽潥鎸佹皯涓婚泦涓埗锛岄泦浣撹璁哄喅瀹氬鏍¢噸澶ч棶棰樺拰閲嶈浜嬮」锛岄瀵肩彮瀛愭垚鍛樻寜鐓у垎宸ュ饱琛岃亴璐c€?/span>

    瀛︽牎鍏氬涔﹁涓绘寔鍏氬鍏ㄩ潰宸ヤ綔锛岃礋璐g粍缁囧厷濮旈噸瑕佹椿鍔紝鍗忚皟鍏氬棰嗗鐝瓙鎴愬憳宸ヤ綔锛岀潱淇冩鏌ュ厷濮斿喅璁疮褰昏惤瀹烇紝涓诲姩鍗忚皟瀛︽牎鍏氬涓庢牎闀夸箣闂寸殑宸ヤ綔鍏崇郴锛屾敮鎸佹牎闀垮紑灞曞伐浣溿€?/span>

    瀛︽牎鍏氬浼氬湪鍏ㄤ綋浼氳闂細鏈熼棿锛岃亴璐g敱鍏跺父鍔″鍛樹細灞ヨ銆?/span>

    绗簩鍗佹潯  涓浗鍏变骇鍏氫腑鍥戒紶濯掑ぇ瀛︾邯寰嬫鏌ュ鍛樹細鏄鏍$殑鍏氬唴鐩戠潱鏈烘瀯锛屽湪瀛︽牎鍏氬鍜屼笂绾х邯濮旂殑棰嗗涓嬶紝妫€鏌ュ厷鐨勮矾绾裤€佹柟閽堛€佹斂绛栥€佸喅璁強瀛︽牎閲嶅ぇ鍐崇瓥鐨勬墽琛屾儏鍐碉紝璐熻矗鍗忓姪瀛︽牎鍏氬寮€灞曞厷椋庡粔鏀垮缓璁惧拰缁勭粐鍗忚皟鍙嶈厫璐ュ伐浣滐紝淇濋殰鍜屼績杩涘鏍″悇椤逛簨涓氬仴搴峰彂灞曘€?/span>

    绗簩鍗佷竴鏉?/span>鏍¢暱鍦ㄥ鏍″厷濮旈瀵间笅锛岃疮褰诲厷鐨勬暀鑲叉柟閽堬紝缁勭粐瀹炴柦瀛︽牎鍏氬鏈夊叧鍐宠锛岃浣块珮绛夋暀鑲叉硶绛夎瀹氱殑鍚勯」鑱屾潈锛屽叏闈㈣礋璐f暀瀛︺€佺鐮斻€佽鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣滐紝鍏朵富瑕佽亴鏉冩湁锛?/span>

    锛堜竴锛夌粍缁囨嫙璁㈠拰瀹炴柦瀛︽牎鍙戝睍瑙勫垝銆佸熀鏈鐞嗗埗搴︺€侀噸瑕佽鏀胯绔犲埗搴︺€侀噸澶ф暀瀛︾鐮旀敼闈╂帾鏂姐€侀噸瑕佸姙瀛﹁祫婧愰厤缃柟妗堬紱缁勭粐鍒跺畾鍜屽疄鏂藉叿浣撹绔犲埗搴︺€佸勾搴﹀伐浣滆鍒掋€?/span>

    锛堜簩锛夌粍缁囨嫙璁㈠拰瀹炴柦瀛︽牎鍐呴儴缁勭粐鏈烘瀯鐨勮缃柟妗堬紱鎸夌収鍥藉娉曞緥鍜屽共閮ㄩ€夋嫈浠荤敤宸ヤ綔鏈夊叧瑙勫畾锛屾帹鑽愬壇鏍¢暱浜洪€夛紝浠诲厤鍐呴儴缁勭粐鏈烘瀯鐨勮礋璐d汉銆?/span>

    锛堜笁锛夌粍缁囨嫙璁㈠拰瀹炴柦瀛︽牎浜烘墠鍙戝睍瑙勫垝銆侀噸瑕佷汉鎵嶆斂绛栧拰閲嶅ぇ浜烘墠宸ョ▼璁″垝锛涜礋璐f暀甯堥槦浼嶅缓璁撅紝渚濇嵁鏈夊叧瑙勫畾鑱樹换涓庤В鑱樻暀甯堜互鍙婂唴閮ㄥ叾浠栧伐浣滀汉鍛樸€?/span>

    锛堝洓锛夌粍缁囨嫙璁㈠拰瀹炴柦瀛︽牎閲嶅ぇ鍩烘湰寤鸿銆佸勾搴︾粡璐归绠楃瓑鏂规锛涘姞寮鸿储鍔$鐞嗗拰瀹¤鐩戠潱锛岀鐞嗗拰淇濇姢瀛︽牎璧勪骇銆?/span>

    锛堜簲锛夌粍缁囧紑灞曟暀瀛︽椿鍔ㄥ拰绉戝鐮旂┒锛屽垱鏂颁汉鎵嶅煿鍏绘満鍒讹紝鎻愰珮浜烘墠鍩瑰吇璐ㄩ噺锛屾帹杩涙枃鍖栦紶鎵垮垱鏂帮紝鏈嶅姟鍥藉鍜屽湴鏂圭粡娴庣ぞ浼氬彂灞曪紝鎶婂鏍″姙鍑虹壒鑹层€佷簤鍒涗竴娴併€?/span>

    锛堝叚锛夌粍缁囧紑灞曟€濇兂鍝佸痉鏁欒偛锛岃礋璐e鐢熷绫嶇鐞嗗苟瀹炴柦濂栧姳鎴栧鍒嗭紝寮€灞曟嫑鐢熷拰灏变笟宸ヤ綔銆?/span>

    锛堜竷锛夊仛濂藉鏍″畨鍏ㄧǔ瀹氬拰鍚庡嫟淇濋殰宸ヤ綔銆?/span>

    锛堝叓锛夌粍缁囧紑灞曞鏍″澶栦氦娴佷笌鍚堜綔锛屼緷娉曚唬琛ㄥ鏍′笌鍚勭骇鏀垮簻銆佺ぞ浼氬悇鐣屽拰澧冨鏈烘瀯绛夌缃插悎浣滃崗璁紝鎺ュ彈绀句細鎹愯禒銆?/span>

    锛堜節锛夊悜鍏氬鎶ュ憡閲嶅ぇ鍐宠鎵ц鎯呭喌锛屽悜鏁欒亴宸ヤ唬琛ㄥぇ浼氭姤鍛婂伐浣滐紝缁勭粐澶勭悊鏁欒亴宸ヤ唬琛ㄥぇ浼氥€佸鐢熶唬琛ㄥぇ浼氥€佸伐浼氫細鍛樹唬琛ㄥぇ浼氬拰鍥㈠憳浠h〃澶т細鏈夊叧琛屾斂宸ヤ綔鐨勬彁妗堬紱鏀寔瀛︽牎鍚勭骇鍏氱粍缁囥€佹皯涓诲厷娲惧熀灞傜粍缁囥€佺兢浼楃粍缁囧拰瀛︽湳缁勭粐寮€灞曞伐浣溿€?/span>

    锛堝崄锛夊饱琛屾硶寰嬨€佹硶瑙勫拰瀛︽牎绔犵▼瑙勫畾鐨勫叾浠栬亴鏉冦€?/span>

    鏍¢暱鍔炲叕浼氳鏄鏍¤鏀胯浜嬪喅绛栨満鏋勶紝涓昏鐮旂┒鎻愬嚭鎷熺敱鍏氬璁ㄨ鍐冲畾鐨勯噸瑕佷簨椤规柟妗堬紝鍏蜂綋閮ㄧ讲钀藉疄鍏氬鍐宠鐨勬湁鍏虫帾鏂斤紝鐮旂┒澶勭悊鏁欏銆佺鐮斻€佽鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣溿€?/span>

    浼氳鐢辨牎闀垮彫闆嗗苟涓绘寔锛屽壇鏍¢暱銆佹牎闀垮姪鐞嗗弬鍔犱細璁紝鐩戝療澶勫闀垮垪甯細璁€備細璁棰樼敱瀛︽牎棰嗗鐝瓙鎴愬憳鎻愬嚭锛屾牎闀跨‘瀹氥€傚厷濮斾功璁般€佸壇涔﹁銆佺邯濮斾功璁扮瓑鍙璁鎯呭喌鍙傚姞浼氳銆?/span>

    绗簩鍗佷簩鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎璁剧疆瀛︽湳濮斿憳浼氾紝瀵瑰鏈簨鍔¤繘琛屽喅绛栥€佸璁€佽瘎瀹氬拰鍜ㄨ銆傚鏈鍛樹細鏄鏍$殑鏈€楂樺鏈満鏋勶紝涓昏鑱屾潈鏈夛細

    锛堜竴锛夊璁垨鍐冲畾涓嬪垪浜嬪姟锛氬绉戙€佷笓涓氬強鏁欏笀闃熶紞寤鸿瑙勫垝锛屼互鍙婄瀛︾爺绌躲€佸澶栧鏈氦娴佸悎浣滅瓑閲嶅ぇ瀛︽湳瑙勫垝锛涜嚜涓昏缃垨鑰呯敵璇疯缃绉戜笓涓氾紱鏁欏笀鑱屽姟鑱樹换鐨勫鏈爣鍑嗕笌鍔炴硶绛夈€?/span>

    锛堜簩锛夎瘎瀹氫互涓嬩簨椤癸細鏁欏銆佺鐮旀垚鏋滃拰濂栧姳锛屽澶栨帹鑽愭暀瀛︺€佺鐮旀垚鏋滃锛涜嚜涓昏绔嬪悇绫诲鏈€佺鐮斿熀閲戙€佺鐮旈」鐩互鍙婃暀瀛︺€佺鐮斿椤圭瓑銆?/span>

    锛堜笁锛夊涓嬪垪鍐崇瓥鎻愬嚭鍜ㄨ鎰忚锛氬埗璁笌瀛︽湳浜嬪姟鐩稿叧鐨勫叏灞€鎬с€侀噸澶у彂灞曡鍒掑拰鍙戝睍鎴樼暐锛涘鏍¢绠楀喅绠椾腑鏁欏銆佺鐮旂粡璐圭殑瀹夋帓鍜屽垎閰嶅強浣跨敤绛夈€?/span>

    锛堝洓锛夊彈鐞嗘湁鍏冲鏈笉绔涓虹殑涓炬姤骞惰繘琛岃皟鏌ワ紝瑁佸喅瀛︽湳绾犵悍銆?/span>

    锛堜簲锛夊叾浠栭渶瑕佸惉鍙栧鏈鍛樹細鎰忚鐨勪簨椤广€?/span>

    瀛︽湳濮斿憳浼氱敱瀛︽牎涓嶅悓瀛︾銆佷笓涓氱殑鏁欐巿鍙婂叿鏈夋楂樼骇浠ヤ笂涓撲笟鎶€鏈亴鍔$殑浜哄憳缁勬垚銆備汉鏁颁笌瀛︽牎鐨勫绉戙€佷笓涓氳缃浉鍖归厤锛屾媴浠诲鏍″強鑱岃兘閮ㄩ棬鍏氭斂棰嗗鑱屽姟鐨勫鍛橈紝涓嶈秴杩囧鍛樻€讳汉鏁扮殑1/4锛涗笉鎷呬换鍏氭斂棰嗗鑱屽姟鍙婃暀瀛︾鐮旀満鏋勪富瑕佽礋璐d汉鐨勪笓浠绘暀鎺堬紝涓嶅皯浜庡鍛樻€讳汉鏁扮殑1/2銆?/p>

    瀛︽湳濮斿憳浼氳涓讳换濮斿憳1鍚嶏紝鐢辨牎闀挎彁鍚嶏紝鍏ㄤ綋濮斿憳閫変妇浜х敓銆傚鍛樺疄琛屼换鏈熷埗锛屾瘡灞婁换鏈?骞达紝鍙繛浠?灞娿€傛瘡娆℃崲灞婏紝杩炰换鐨勫鍛樹汉鏁板簲涓嶉珮浜庡鍛樻€绘暟鐨?/3銆?/p>

    瀛︽湳濮斿憳浼氭牴鎹渶瑕佽绔嬪鏈垎濮斿憳浼氾紝灞ヨ鐩稿簲鑱岃矗銆?/span>

    绗簩鍗佷笁鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎璁剧疆瀛︿綅璇勫畾濮斿憳浼氾紝渚濇硶璐熻矗瀛︽牎鐨勫浣嶆巿浜堝強鐩稿叧浜嬪姟锛屼富瑕佽亴鏉冩湁锛?/span>

    锛堜竴锛変綔鍑烘巿浜堝澹€佺澹拰鍗氬+瀛︿綅鐨勫喅瀹氥€?/span>

    锛堜簩锛夐€氳繃鎺堜簣鍚嶈獕鍗氬+瀛︿綅鐨勪汉鍛樺悕鍗曘€?/span>

    锛堜笁锛夊鏌ュ彇娑堝浣嶈祫鏍肩殑鐢宠锛屼綔鍑烘挙閿€瀛︿綅鐨勫喅瀹氥€?/span>

    锛堝洓锛夊鐞嗘巿浜堝浣嶇殑浜夎銆?/span>

    锛堜簲锛夊叾浠栭渶瑕佸浣嶈瘎瀹氬鍛樹細鍐冲畾鐨勪簨椤广€?/span>

    瀛︿綅璇勫畾濮斿憳浼氬鍛樻牴鎹绉戙€佷笓涓氳缃儏鍐甸伌閫変骇鐢燂紝鏍¢暱浠诲浣嶈瘎瀹氬鍛樹細涓诲腑銆傚鍛樺疄琛屼换鏈熷埗锛屼换鏈熶负4骞达紝鍙繛浠?灞娿€?/p>

    瀛︿綅璇勫畾濮斿憳浼氭牴鎹渶瑕佽绔嬪浣嶈瘎瀹氬垎濮斿憳浼氾紝灞ヨ鐩稿簲鑱岃矗銆?/span>

    绗簩鍗佸洓鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎璁剧疆鏈鏁欏鎸囧濮斿憳浼氾紝瀵规湰绉戜笓涓氳绋嬪缓璁俱€佹棩甯告暀瀛﹁繍琛岀瓑鎻愬嚭鍜ㄨ寤鸿锛屾寜鐓у叾绔犵▼寮€灞曞伐浣溿€?/span>

    绗簩鍗佷簲鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎璁剧疆鐮旂┒鐢熸暀鑲叉寚瀵煎鍛樹細锛屽鐮旂┒鐢熷煿鍏绘柟妗堝埗瀹氥€佸煿鍏昏繃绋嬬鐞嗙瓑鎻愬嚭鍜ㄨ寤鸿锛屾寜鐓у叾绔犵▼寮€灞曞伐浣溿€?/span>

    绗簩鍗佸叚鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎璁剧疆鏁欏鐫e濮斿憳浼氾紝瀵规湰绉戞暀鑲叉暀瀛﹀拰鐮旂┒鐢熸暀瀛﹀煿鍏诲伐浣滅粺涓€杩涜鐩戠潱銆佹鏌ャ€佽瘎浼板拰鎸囧锛屾寜鐓у叾绔犵▼寮€灞曞伐浣溿€?/span>

    绗簩鍗佷竷鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎璁剧疆涓撲笟鎶€鏈亴鍔¤瘎鑱樺鍛樹細锛屽鍚勭郴鍒椾笓涓氭妧鏈亴鍔¤繘琛岃瘎瀹′笌鑱樹换锛屾牴鎹浉鍏宠瀹氬紑灞曞伐浣溿€?/span>

    绗簩鍗佸叓鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鏁欒亴宸ヤ唬琛ㄥぇ浼氭槸鏁欒亴宸ヤ緷娉曞弬涓庢皯涓荤鐞嗗拰鐩戠潱鐨勫熀鏈舰寮忋€傛暀鑱屽伐浠h〃澶т細鐨勮亴鏉冩槸锛?/span>

    锛堜竴锛夊惉鍙栧鏍$珷绋嬭崏妗堢殑鍒跺畾鍜屼慨璁㈡儏鍐垫姤鍛婏紝鎻愬嚭淇敼鎰忚鍜屽缓璁€?/span>

    锛堜簩锛夊惉鍙栧鏍″彂灞曡鍒掋€佹暀鑱屽伐闃熶紞寤鸿銆佹暀鑲叉暀瀛︽敼闈┿€佹牎鍥缓璁句互鍙婂叾浠栭噸澶ф敼闈╁拰閲嶅ぇ闂瑙e喅鏂规鐨勬姤鍛婏紝鎻愬嚭鎰忚鍜屽缓璁€?/span>

    锛堜笁锛夊惉鍙栧鏍″勾搴﹀伐浣溿€佽储鍔″伐浣溿€佸伐浼氬伐浣滄姤鍛婁互鍙婂叾浠栦笓椤瑰伐浣滄姤鍛婏紝鎻愬嚭鎰忚鍜屽缓璁€?/span>

    锛堝洓锛夎璁洪€氳繃瀛︽牎鎻愬嚭鐨勪笌鏁欒亴宸ュ埄鐩婄洿鎺ョ浉鍏崇殑绂忓埄銆佹牎鍐呭垎閰嶅疄鏂芥柟妗堜互鍙婄浉搴旂殑鏁欒亴宸ヨ仒浠汇€佽€冩牳銆佸鎯╁姙娉曘€?/span>

    锛堜簲锛夊璁鏍′笂涓€灞婏紙娆★級鏁欒亴宸ヤ唬琛ㄥぇ浼氭彁妗堢殑鍔炵悊鎯呭喌鎶ュ憡銆?/span>

    锛堝叚锛夋寜鐓ф湁鍏冲伐浣滆瀹氬拰瀹夋帓璇勮瀛︽牎棰嗗骞查儴銆?/span>

    锛堜竷锛夐€氳繃澶氱鏂瑰紡瀵瑰鏍″伐浣滄彁鍑烘剰瑙佸拰寤鸿锛岀洃鐫e鏍$珷绋嬨€佽绔犲埗搴﹀拰鍐崇瓥鐨勮惤瀹烇紝鎻愬嚭鏁存敼鎰忚鍜屽缓璁€?/span>

    锛堝叓锛夎璁烘硶寰嬨€佹硶瑙勫拰瑙勭珷瑙勫畾鐨勪互鍙婂鏍¤瀹氱殑鍏朵粬浜嬮」銆?/span>

    瀛︽牎鍒跺畾鏁欒亴宸ヤ唬琛ㄥぇ浼氬疄鏂界粏鍒欍€傛暀鑱屽伐浠h〃澶т細鎸夌収瑙勫畾琛屼娇鑱屾潈銆?/span>

    绗簩鍗佷節鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎璁剧珛鐞嗕簨浼氥€傜悊浜嬩細鏄敱鍏冲績鍜屾敮鎸佸鏍″彂灞曠殑鍚勬柟闈唬琛ㄧ粍鎴愮殑鍜ㄨ銆佸崗鍟嗐€佸璁笌鐩戠潱鏈烘瀯锛屾槸瀛︽牎瀹炵幇绉戝鍐崇瓥銆佹皯涓荤洃鐫c€佺ぞ浼氬弬涓庣殑閲嶈缁勭粐褰㈠紡鍜屽埗搴﹀钩鍙般€?/span>

    鐞嗕簨浼氫緷鎹叾绔犵▼缁勬垚骞跺饱琛岃亴璐c€?/span>

    绗笁鍗佹潯  瀛︽牎鏍规嵁闇€瑕佽缃厷鏀胯亴鑳介儴闂ㄣ€佺洿灞炴満鏋勫強鏁欏绉戠爺鏈烘瀯绛夈€傚悇鏈烘瀯鏍规嵁瀛︽牎鎺堟潈锛屽饱琛岀鐞嗐€佷繚闅滃拰鏈嶅姟绛夎亴璐c€?/span>

    绗笁鍗佷竴鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎璁剧珛鐩戝療瀹¤鏈烘瀯锛岀嫭绔嬭浣跨洃瀵熴€佸璁¤亴鏉冦€?/span>

    绗笁鍗佷簩鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鏀寔鍜屼繚闅滃伐浼氥€佸叡闈掑洟绛夌兢浼楃粍缁囨寜鐓у悇鑷珷绋嬬嫭绔嬭嚜涓诲湴寮€灞曞伐浣溿€?/span>

    绗笁鍗佷笁鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鍚勬皯涓诲厷娲俱€佺ぞ浼氬洟浣撴寜鐓у悇鑷珷绋嬪紑灞曟椿鍔紝鍙備笌瀛︽牎姘戜富绠$悊鍜岀洃鐫c€?/span>

绗洓绔?/span>  鏁欏绉戠爺鏈烘瀯

    绗笁鍗佸洓鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎瀹炶浠ユ牎銆佸閮ㄦ垨涓績鍜岀洿灞炲闄紙閮級涓ょ骇绠$悊涓轰富鐨勫唴閮ㄧ鐞嗕綋鍒躲€?/span>

    瀛﹂儴銆佷腑蹇冨拰鐩村睘瀛﹂櫌锛堥儴锛夊叿鏈夊鏈拰琛屾斂绠$悊鑱岃兘锛屽叾鍐呰鏈烘瀯鏄暀瀛︺€佺鐮旂瓑宸ヤ綔鐨勮繍琛屽崟浣嶃€?/span>

    绗笁鍗佷簲鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鎸夌収瀛︾闂ㄧ被鎴栧ぇ绫昏缃閮紝鐗规畩鎯呭喌鎸夌収涓€绾у绉戣缃紱鏍规嵁閮ㄥ垎鏁欏鍗曚綅瀛︾涓撲笟鍜岃亴鑳戒换鍔$殑鐗规畩鎬э紝璁剧疆灏戞暟鐩村睘瀛︽牎鐨勫闄紙閮級銆?/span>

    绗笁鍗佸叚鏉?/span>  瀛﹂儴銆佷腑蹇冨拰鐩村睘瀛﹂櫌锛堥儴锛夌殑涓昏鑱屾潈鏈夛細

    锛堜竴锛夌粍缁囬瀵兼湰鍗曚綅鏁欏銆佺鐮斿拰绀句細鏈嶅姟绛夐」宸ヤ綔銆?/span>

    锛堜簩锛夊畬鍠勬湰绉戝拰鐮旂┒鐢熷煿鍏讳綋绯伙紝鎻愰珮浜烘墠鍩瑰吇璐ㄩ噺銆?/span>

    锛堜笁锛夌粍缁囧埗瀹氭湰鍗曚綅甯堣祫闃熶紞寤鸿瑙勫垝銆?/span>

    锛堝洓锛夎鍒掑拰鍗忚皟瀛︾寤鸿锛屽埗瀹氭湰鍗曚綅瀛︾棰嗗煙鐩稿叧鐨勫鏈瘎浠锋爣鍑嗐€?/span>

    锛堜簲锛変紭鍖栬祫婧愰厤缃紝缁熺閲嶅ぇ绉戠爺椤圭洰鍜屼氦鍙夊绉戝钩鍙板缓璁撅紱寮€灞曞浗闄呬氦娴佷笌鍚堜綔銆?/span>

    锛堝叚锛夌鐞嗕娇鐢ㄥ鏍℃牳鎷ㄧ殑缁忚垂鍜岃祫浜с€?/span>

    绗笁鍗佷竷鏉?/span>  瀛﹂儴闀裤€佷腑蹇冧富浠诲拰鐩村睘瀛﹂櫌锛堥儴锛夐暱鏄鏀胯礋璐d汉锛屽叏闈㈣礋璐f湰鍗曚綅鐨勬暀瀛︺€佺鐮斻€佽鏀跨鐞嗗伐浣溿€?/span>

    绗笁鍗佸叓鏉?/span>  瀛﹂儴銆佷腑蹇冨拰鐩村睘瀛﹂櫌锛堥儴锛夊厷濮旓紙鐩村睘鍏氭敮閮級鐨勪富瑕佽亴璐f槸锛?/span>

    锛堜竴锛夊浼犮€佹墽琛屽厷鐨勮矾绾挎柟閽堟斂绛栧強瀛︽牎鍚勯」鍐冲畾锛屽苟涓哄叾璐交钀藉疄鍙戞尌淇濊瘉鐩戠潱浣滅敤銆?/span>

    锛堜簩锛夐€氳繃鍏氭斂鑱斿腑浼氳锛岃璁哄拰鍐冲畾鏈崟浣嶉噸瑕佷簨椤癸紱鏀寔鏈崟浣嶈鏀块瀵肩彮瀛愬拰璐熻矗浜哄湪鍏惰亴璐h寖鍥村唴鐙珛璐熻矗鍦板紑灞曞伐浣溿€?/span>

    锛堜笁锛夊姞寮哄厷缁勭粐鐨勬€濇兂寤鸿銆佺粍缁囧缓璁俱€佷綔椋庡缓璁俱€佸埗搴﹀缓璁惧拰鍙嶈厫鍊″粔寤鸿锛涘叿浣撴寚瀵煎厷鏀儴寮€灞曞伐浣溿€?/span>

    锛堝洓锛夐瀵兼湰鍗曚綅鎬濇兂鏀挎不宸ヤ綔銆?/span>

    锛堜簲锛夊仛濂芥湰鍗曚綅鍏氬憳骞查儴鏁欒偛鍜岀鐞嗗伐浣溿€?/span>

    锛堝叚锛夐瀵兼湰鍗曚綅宸ヤ細銆佸叡闈掑洟銆佸鐢熶細绛夌兢浼楃粍缁囧拰鏁欒亴宸ヤ唬琛ㄥぇ浼氥€?/span>

    绗笁鍗佷節鏉?/span>  鍏氭斂鑱斿腑浼氭槸瀛﹂儴銆佷腑蹇冨拰鐩村睘瀛﹂櫌锛堥儴锛夎浜嬪喅绛栫殑鍩烘湰鍒跺害鍜屼富瑕佸舰寮忥紝鎸夌収璁簨瑙勫垯璁ㄨ鍐冲畾閲嶅ぇ浜嬮」銆?/span>

    绗洓鍗佹潯  瀛︽牎鏍规嵁闇€瑕佽缃毝灞炰簬瀛︽牎鐨勭嫭绔嬬鐮旀満鏋勩€傚悇绉戠爺鏈烘瀯鏍规嵁瀛︽牎鎺堟潈鍜岀浉鍏宠瀹氾紝鎵挎媴鐩稿簲鐨勭瀛︾爺绌躲€佷汉鎵嶅煿鍏诲拰绀句細鏈嶅姟绛変换鍔°€?/span>

绗簲绔?/span>  鏁欒亴鍛樺伐

    绗洓鍗佷竴鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鏁欒亴鍛樺伐鐢辨暀甯堛€佸叾浠栦笓涓氭妧鏈汉鍛樸€佺鐞嗕汉鍛樺拰宸ュ嫟浜哄憳缁勬垚銆傚鏍℃寜涓撲笟鎶€鏈矖銆佺鐞嗗矖鍜屽伐鍕ゅ矖瀵规暀鑱屽憳宸ュ疄琛屽垎绫荤鐞嗐€?/span>

    绗洓鍗佷簩鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎瀵规暀鑱屽憳宸ュ畾鏈熻繘琛岃€冩牳锛岃€冩牳缁撴灉浣滀负鑱樹换銆佹檵鍗囥€佹祦鍔ㄥ拰濂栨儵鐨勪緷鎹€?/span>

    绗洓鍗佷笁鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鎸夌収鍥藉鏈夊叧瑙勫畾鍋氬ソ绂婚€€浼戜汉鍛樼殑绠$悊鍜屾湇鍔″伐浣溿€?/span>

    绗洓鍗佸洓鏉?/span>  鏁欒亴鍛樺伐浜湁涓嬪垪鏉冨埄锛?/span>

    锛堜竴锛夋牴鎹伐浣滆亴璐e拰闇€瑕侊紝浣跨敤瀛︽牎鐨勫叕鍏辫祫婧愩€?/span>

    锛堜簩锛夊叕骞宠幏寰楄嚜韬彂灞曟墍闇€鐨勬満浼氬拰鏉′欢銆?/span>

    锛堜笁锛夊湪鍝佸痉銆佽兘鍔涘拰涓氱哗绛夋柟闈㈣幏寰楀叕姝h瘎浠枫€?/span>

    锛堝洓锛夌煡鎮夊鏍℃敼闈┿€佸缓璁惧拰鍙戝睍浠ュ強鍏虫秹鍒囪韩鍒╃泭鐨勯噸澶т簨椤广€?/span>

    锛堜簲锛夊弬涓庢皯涓荤鐞嗭紝瀵瑰鏍″伐浣滄彁鍑烘剰瑙佸拰寤鸿銆?/span>

    锛堝叚锛夊鑱屽姟鑱樼敤銆佺鍒╁緟閬囥€佽瘎浼樿瘎濂栥€佺邯寰嬪鍒嗙瓑浜嬮」鎻愬嚭寮傝鎴栫敵璇夈€?/span>

    锛堜竷锛夋硶寰嬨€佹硶瑙勫拰瑙勭珷瑙勫畾鐨勫叾浠栨潈鍒┿€?/span>

    绗洓鍗佷簲鏉?/span>  鏁欒亴鍛樺伐灞ヨ涓嬪垪涔夊姟锛?/span>

    锛堜竴锛夐伒瀹堝娉曘€佹硶寰嬪拰娉曡銆?/span>

    锛堜簩锛夐伒瀹堝鏍$殑绠$悊鍒跺害銆?/span>

    锛堜笁锛夊饱琛屽矖浣嶈亴璐o紝鎭敖鑱屽畧锛屽嫟鍕夊伐浣溿€?/span>

    锛堝洓锛夊皧閲嶅拰鐖辨姢瀛︾敓锛屼负浜哄笀琛紝鏁欎功鑲蹭汉锛岀鐞嗚偛浜猴紝鏈嶅姟鑲蹭汉銆?/span>

    锛堜簲锛夐伒瀹堝鏈鑼冿紝鎭畧瀛︽湳閬撳痉銆?/span>

    锛堝叚锛夌弽鎯滃拰缁存姢瀛︽牎鍚嶈獕锛岀淮鎶ゅ鏍″埄鐩娿€?/span>

    锛堜竷锛夋硶寰嬨€佹硶瑙勫拰瑙勭珷瑙勫畾鐨勫叾浠栦箟鍔°€?/span>

    绗洓鍗佸叚鏉?/span>  鏁欏笀鏄鏍″姙瀛︾殑涓讳綋鍔涢噺锛屽鏍′负鏁欏笀寮€灞曟暀瀛︺€佺鐮斿拰绀句細鏈嶅姟绛夋椿鍔ㄦ彁渚涘繀瑕佺殑鏉′欢鍜屼繚闅溿€?/span>

    绗洓鍗佷竷鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鍧氭寔甯堝痉涓轰笂锛屾敞閲嶅笀寰锋縺鍔卞拰鑰冩牳銆傚笀寰疯€冩牳涓嶅悎鏍艰€呭湪鏁欏笀鑱屽姟锛堣亴绉帮級鑱樹换銆佸矖浣嶈仒鐢ㄣ€佽瘎浼樺鍔辩瓑鐜妭瀹炶涓€绁ㄥ惁鍐炽€?/span>

    绗洓鍗佸叓鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鏍规嵁鍥藉鏈夊叧瑙勫畾锛屽缓绔?/span>涓庤嚜韬彂灞曟按骞崇浉閫傚簲鐨勬暀鑱屽憳宸ユ敹鍏ュ闀挎満鍒讹紝瀹屽杽钖叕浣撶郴锛屼繚闅滄暀鑱屽憳宸ュ悎鐞嗗緟閬囥€?/span>

    绗洓鍗佷節鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎璁剧珛鏁欒亴鍛樺伐鐢宠瘔鏈烘瀯锛屽仴鍏ㄦ暀鑱屽憳宸ユ潈鍒╀繚鎶ゆ満鍒讹紝淇濋殰鏁欒亴鍛樺伐鍚堟硶鏉冪泭銆?/span>

    绗簲鍗佹潯  鐗硅仒鏁欐巿銆佽搴ф暀鎺堛€佸吋鑱屾暀鎺堛€佸悕瑾夋暀鎺堛€佸搴ф暀鎺堛€佽闂鑰呫€佽繘淇暀甯堜互鍙婂叾浠栧舰寮忕殑鑱樼敤宸ヤ綔浜哄憳锛屽湪瀛︽牎浠庝簨鏁欏銆佺鐮旂瓑娲诲姩鏈熼棿锛屾寜鐓ф湁鍏宠瀹氬拰鍚堝悓绾﹀畾绛夛紝浜湁鐩稿簲鏉冨埄锛屽饱琛岀浉搴斾箟鍔°€?/span>

绗叚绔?/span>  瀛?/span>鐢?/span>

    绗簲鍗佷竴鏉?/span>  瀛︾敓鏄寚琚鏍′緷娉曞綍鍙栥€佸彇寰楀叆瀛﹁祫鏍硷紝鍏锋湁瀛︽牎瀛︾睄鐨勫彈鏁欒偛鑰呫€?/span>

    瀵逛簬涓嶅叿鏈夊鏍″绫嶇殑鍙楁暀鑲茶€咃紝鍏舵潈鍒╀箟鍔℃牴鎹浉鍏冲叆瀛﹁瀹氥€佸煿鍏诲崗璁瓑纭畾銆?/span>

    瀛︽牎鎸夌収鍥藉鏈夊叧瑙勫畾鎷涙敹銆佸煿鍏诲拰绠$悊鎴愪汉楂樼瓑瀛﹀巻鏁欒偛瀛︾敓銆佹潵鍗庣暀瀛︾敓鍜屾腐銆佹境銆佸彴銆佷鲸瀛︾敓銆?/span>

    绗簲鍗佷簩鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鏍规嵁鍥藉鏀跨瓥锛岃嚜涓昏皟鑺傛湰绉戝悇涓撲笟鎷涚敓姣斾緥鍙婂悇绫诲瀷鐮旂┒鐢熷綍鍙栨瘮渚嬶紝鑷富鍒掑畾鑹烘湳绫绘湰绉戜笓涓氳€冭瘯鍒嗘暟绾垮拰鏂囧寲鑰冭瘯褰曞彇鎺у埗鍒嗘暟绾裤€?/span>

    瀛︽牎鎸夌収鍥藉鏈夊叧瑙勫畾锛岃绔嬫嫑鐢熷鍛樹細锛岄伒寰叕寮€銆佸叕骞炽€佸叕姝g殑鍘熷垯锛屽缓绔嬫嫑鐢熸爣鍑嗗拰绋嬪簭锛岃嚜涓婚€夋嫈銆佹嫨浼樺綍鍙栧叿鏈夊垱鏂版綔璐ㄣ€佸绉戠壒闀跨殑瀛︾敓銆?/span>

    绗簲鍗佷笁鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎瀹氭湡涓捐寮€瀛﹀吀绀煎拰姣曚笟鍏哥ぜ锛屼笉瀹氭湡涓捐鏍″簡鍜岃〃褰颁华寮忥紝鍏呭垎鍙戞尌鍏哥ぜ浠紡鐨勮偛浜轰綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

    绗簲鍗佸洓鏉?/span>  瀛︾敓鍦ㄦ牎鏈熼棿浜湁涓嬪垪鏉冨埄锛?/span>

    锛堜竴锛夊弬鍔犲鏍℃暀鑲叉暀瀛﹁鍒掑畨鎺掔殑鍚勯」娲诲姩锛屼娇鐢ㄥ鏍℃彁渚涚殑鏁欒偛鏁欏璧勬簮銆?/span>

    锛堜簩锛夊弬鍔犵ぞ浼氭湇鍔°€佸嫟宸ュ姪瀛︼紝鍦ㄦ牎鍐呯粍缁囥€佸弬鍔犲鐢熷洟浣撳強鏂囧ū浣撹偛绛夋椿鍔ㄣ€?/span>

    锛堜笁锛夌敵璇峰瀛﹂噾銆佸姪瀛﹂噾鍙婂姪瀛﹁捶娆撅紝浜彈灏变笟鍒涗笟鎸囧涓庢湇鍔°€?/span>

    锛堝洓锛夊湪鎬濇兂鍝佸痉銆佸涓氭垚缁╃瓑鏂归潰鑾峰緱鍏璇勪环锛岃揪鍒板鏍¤瀹氱殑瀛︿笟瑕佹眰鍚庯紝鑾峰緱鐩稿簲鐨勫鍘嗚瘉涔︺€佸浣嶈瘉涔︺€?/span>

    锛堜簲锛夊瀛︽牎缁欎簣鐨勫鍒嗘垨鑰呭鐞嗘湁寮傝锛屽悜瀛︽牎鎻愬嚭鐢宠瘔銆?/span>

    锛堝叚锛夋硶寰嬨€佹硶瑙勫拰瑙勭珷瑙勫畾鐨勫叾浠栨潈鍒┿€?/span>

    绗簲鍗佷簲鏉?/span>  瀛︾敓鍦ㄦ牎鏈熼棿灞ヨ涓嬪垪涔夊姟锛?/span>

    锛堜竴锛夐伒瀹堝娉曘€佹硶寰嬪拰娉曡銆?/span>

    锛堜簩锛夐伒瀹堝鏍$鐞嗗埗搴︺€?/span>

    锛堜笁锛夊姫鍔涘涔狅紝瀹屾垚瑙勫畾瀛︿笟銆?/span>

    锛堝洓锛夋寜瑙勫畾缂寸撼瀛﹁垂鍙婃湁鍏宠垂鐢紝灞ヨ鑾峰緱璐峰閲戝強鍔╁閲戠殑鐩稿簲涔夊姟銆?/span>

    锛堜簲锛夐伒瀹堝鐢熻涓鸿鑼冿紝灏婃暚甯堥暱锛屽吇鎴愯壇濂界殑鎬濇兂鍝佸痉鍜岃涓轰範鎯€?/span>

    锛堝叚锛夋硶寰嬨€佹硶瑙勫拰瑙勭珷瑙勫畾鐨勫叾浠栦箟鍔°€?/span>

    绗簲鍗佸叚鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎瀵瑰彇寰楃獊鍑烘垚缁╁拰涓哄鏍′簤寰楄崳瑾夌殑瀛︾敓闆嗕綋鎴栦釜浜鸿繘琛岃〃褰板鍔憋紱瀵硅繚绾鐢熺粰浜堢浉搴旂殑绾緥澶勫垎銆?/span>

    绗簲鍗佷竷鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎寤虹珛鍋ュ叏瀛︾敓璧勫姪浣撶郴锛屼负瀹跺涵缁忔祹鍥伴毦鎴栫獊鍙戝彉鏁呯殑瀛︾敓鎻愪緵甯姪锛屾敮鎸佸叾瀹屾垚瀛︿笟銆?/span>

    绗簲鍗佸叓鏉?/span>  瀛︾敓浠h〃澶т細銆佺爺绌剁敓浠h〃澶т細鏄鐢熷弬涓庡鏍℃皯涓荤鐞嗗拰姘戜富鐩戠潱鐨勯噸瑕佺粍缁囧舰寮忥紝鎸夌収鍚勮嚜绔犵▼琛屼娇鑱屾潈銆佸饱琛岃亴璐c€?/span>

    绗簲鍗佷節鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎璁剧珛瀛︾敓鐢宠瘔鏈烘瀯锛屽仴鍏ㄥ鐢熸潈鍒╀繚鎶や笌鏁戞祹鏈哄埗锛岀淮鎶ゅ鐢熷悎娉曟潈鐩娿€?/span>

绗竷绔?/span>  缁忚垂涓庤祫浜?/span>

    绗叚鍗佹潯  瀛︽牎缁忚垂鏉ユ簮浠ユ斂搴滆储鏀挎嫧娆惧拰浜嬩笟鏀跺叆涓轰富銆傚鏍′緷娉曞缓绔嬪仴鍏ㄥ鍏冪璧勪綋绯伙紝澶氭笭閬撶鎺暀鑲茬粡璐广€?/span>

    绗叚鍗佷竴鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎瀹炶缁熶竴棰嗗銆侀泦涓鐞嗙殑璐㈠姟绠$悊浣撳埗锛岀粺涓€璐㈠姟瑙勭珷鍒跺害锛岄泦涓储鍔℃敹鏀绠楀拰浼氳鏍哥畻銆?/span>

    绗叚鍗佷簩鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎寤虹珛鍋ュ叏鍥芥湁璧勪骇绠$悊鍒跺害锛屽悎鐞嗛厤缃祫婧愶紝鎻愰珮璧勬簮浣跨敤鏁堢巼锛屽疄鐜拌祫浜т繚鍊煎鍊笺€傚鏍′緷娉曚繚鎶ゅ拰鍒╃敤鏍″悕銆佹爣蹇楃墿绛夋棤褰㈣祫浜с€?/span>

    绗叚鍗佷笁鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎寤虹珛鍐呴儴瀹¤鍜岀粡娴庤矗浠诲埗搴︼紝瀵圭粡娴庝笟鍔℃椿鍔ㄨ繘琛屽璁$洃鐫e拰璇勪环锛屾帴鍙楀浗瀹舵湁鍏抽儴闂ㄧ殑鐩戠潱妫€鏌ャ€?/span>

    绗叚鍗佸洓鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鍋ュ叏鍚庡嫟绠$悊鍜屾湇鍔′綋绯伙紝涓嶆柇鏀瑰杽瀛︾敓鍜屾暀鑱屽憳宸ョ殑瀛︿範銆佸伐浣滅幆澧冧笌鐢熸椿鏉′欢銆?/span>

绗叓绔?/span>  瀛︽牎涓庣ぞ浼?/span>

    绗叚鍗佷簲鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎绉瀬鎷撳睍鏁欒偛鏈嶅姟锛屼负楂樼瓑鏁欒偛澶т紬鍖栥€佹瀯绛戠粓韬暀鑲蹭綋绯诲拰瀛︿範鍨嬬ぞ浼氭湇鍔°€?/span>

    绗叚鍗佸叚鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎璁剧珛鏁欒偛鍩洪噾浼氾紝鎺ュ彈绀句細鎹愯禒锛岀鐞嗘崘璧犻」鐩拰鍩洪噾锛屾敮鎸佸鏍′簨涓氬彂灞曘€?/span>

    绗叚鍗佷竷鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎娣卞寲鏀裤€佷骇銆佸銆佺爺銆佺敤鍚堜綔锛屼績杩涚鐮旀垚鏋滅殑绀句細鍖栧拰浜т笟鍖栵紝榧撳姳灏嗘垚鏋滃簲鐢ㄤ簬鏁欏瀹炶返銆?/span>

    绗叚鍗佸叓鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎閲嶈鍜屾敮鎸佹牎鍔炰骇涓氱殑鍙戝睍锛岃绔嬭祫浜х粡钀ュ叕鍙镐唬琛ㄥ鏍¤浣垮嚭璧勪汉鏉冨埄銆傚鏍′妇鍔炴垨鑰呭弬涓庝妇鍔炵殑鍚勭被浜т笟涓讳綋锛屽疄琛屼骇鏉冩槑鏅般€佽矗鏉冩槑纭€佽嚜涓荤粡钀ャ€佺瀛︾鐞嗙殑鐜颁唬浼佷笟鍒跺害銆?/span>

    绗叚鍗佷節鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎绉瀬涓庡浗锛堝锛夊唴澶栬憲鍚嶅搴滃拰鏈烘瀯寤虹珛鑱旂郴锛屽紩杩涗紭璐ㄦ暀鑲茶祫婧愶紝寮€灞曟繁灞傛鐨勪氦娴佷笌鍚堜綔銆?/span>

    绗竷鍗佹潯  瀛︽牎鏍″弸鏄寚鍦ㄥ鏍″姙瀛﹀巻鍙茬殑鍚勪釜闃舵锛屽湪瀛︽牎瀛︿範鎴栧伐浣滆繃鐨勫鐢熴€佸涔犳椂闂磋秴杩?/span>3涓湀鐨勫鍛橈紝浠ュ強鍏ㄤ綋鏁欒亴鍛樺伐銆?/p>

    绗竷鍗佷竴鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎浠ユ牎鍙嬩細绛夋柟寮忚仈绯诲拰鏈嶅姟鏍″弸锛屼紭鍏堜负鏍″弸鎻愪緵浼樿川鐨勭户缁暀鑲插強鍏朵粬鏈嶅姟锛岄紦鍔辨牎鍙嬪弬涓庡鏍$殑寤鸿鍜屽彂灞曘€?/span>

绗節绔?/span>  瀛︽牎鏍囪瘑

    绗竷鍗佷簩鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鏍¤涓?/span>鈥滅珛寰枫€佹暚涓氥€佸崥瀛︺€佺珵鍏堚€濄€?/p>

    绗竷鍗佷笁鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鏍″窘鍖呮嫭鑳稿窘涓庢爣蹇楀窘銆?/span>

    鏁欒亴鍛樺伐浣╂埓鐨勮兏寰戒负榛勬銆佺孩搴曘€佺櫧瀛楋紝瀛︾敓浣╂埓鐨勮兏寰戒负榛勬銆佺櫧搴曘€佺孩瀛椼€?/span>

    鏍囧織寰界敱涓変釜鍒嗗埆涓虹孩缁胯摑棰滆壊鐨勯挗绗斿皷鍜屼笁涓崐寰勪笉绛夌殑鍚屽績鍦嗘瀯鎴愶紝澶栫幆涓婃柟鏄嫳鏂囨牎鍚?/span>鈥淐OMMUNICATION UNIVERSITY OF CHINA鈥濓紝涓嬫柟鏄腑鏂囨牎鍚嶁€滀腑鍥戒紶濯掑ぇ瀛︹€濄€?/p>

鍥剧ず锛?/p>

             

    绗竷鍗佸洓鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鏍℃棗涓虹孩鑹查暱鏂瑰舰鏃楀笢锛屼腑闂村尯鍩熷嵃鏈夌櫧鑹蹭腑銆佽嫳鏂囨牎鍚嶏紝宸︿笂瑙掗厤浠ユ爣蹇楀窘銆?/span>

鍥剧ず锛?/p>

    绗竷鍗佷簲鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鏍℃瓕涓恒€婃牎鍥噷鏈変竴鎺掑勾杞荤殑鐧芥潹銆嬶紝鐢卞彾寤舵花浣滆瘝銆佸垬澶╃ぜ浣滄洸銆?/span>

    绗竷鍗佸叚鏉?/span>  瀛︽牎鏍″簡鏃ヤ负姣忓勾鐨?/span>9鏈?鏃ャ€?/p>

绗崄绔?/span>  闄?/span>鍒?/span>

    绗竷鍗佷竷鏉?/span>  鏈珷绋嬬殑鍒跺畾鍜屼慨璁㈢粡瀛︽牎鏁欒亴宸ヤ唬琛ㄥぇ浼氳璁恒€佹牎闀垮姙鍏細璁璁€佸鏍″厷濮斿叏浣撲細璁瀹氬悗锛屾姤鍥藉姟闄㈡暀鑲茶鏀块儴闂ㄦ牳鍑嗐€?/span>

    绗竷鍗佸叓鏉?/span>  鏈珷绋嬫槸瀛︽牎鐨勫熀鏈鑼冿紝鏍″唴鍏朵粬瑙勭珷搴斾緷鎹湰绔犵▼鍒跺畾鍜屼慨鏀癸紝涓嶅緱涓庢湰绔犵▼鐩告姷瑙︺€?/span>

    绗竷鍗佷節鏉?/span>  鏈珷绋嬬敱瀛︽牎鍏氬璐熻矗瑙i噴銆?/span>

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